Cardio-Neuro Diagnostic Services
In an effort to provide the highest quality care, the Regina Qu'Appelle Health Region has made a number of significant improvements to the Cardiosciences program with the purchase of state of the art medical technology. Enhanced diagnostic testing equipment allows for more timely and accurate diagnosis of heart conditions and more flexible treatment options.
The types of diagnostic tests performed include:
Electrocardiography is a test used to evaluate the electrical activity of the heart through electrodes attached to the skin. The electrodes send this information to a machine, which produces line tracings of the heart's electrical activity. A cardiologist examines these tracings. The test results may indicate problems related to abnormal heart rhythm, heart muscle weakness, high blood pressure, inflammation, or chemical imbalances.
Holter Monitoring is a type of electrocardiological test used for those who require monitoring over a longer period of time. It may be done in hospital, or at home.
Cardiac Stress Testing
Cardiac stress testing is a type of electrocardiography used to measure changes in the heart's electrical activity while exercising.
Tilt Table Test
The Tilt Table Test is a test done on patients who have pre-syncope or syncope (dizziness, fainting). This test takes 2-3 hours. The patient must fast for six hours prior to the test. The test consists of 80 degrees head-up tilt with continuous heart rate and blood pressure monitoring. Isuprel may be given to the patient to stimulate the heart to beat faster.
Electroencephalography (EEG) is a test used to evaluate the electrical activity of the brain by using electrodes attached to the skin. These electrodes send this information to a machine, which produces line tracings of the brain's electrical activity. The EEG is valuable in diagnosing a variety of brain pathologies as well as a useful tool in the operating room monitoring brain activity during Carotid Endarterectomy surgery.
Electromyogram (EMG) is a test used to evaluate the electrical activity of muscles by using electrodes attached to the skin. These electrodes send this information to a machine, which produces line tracings of the muscle's electrical activity.
Echocardiography is a cardiac ultrasound performed on patients to assess heart abnormalities. The ultrasound displays the heart chambers, valves, walls and septum, which are recorded on videotape. This test is also used to determine the direction and speed of blood flow.
This echocardiogram is recorded from the back of the heart by inserting an ultrasound probe down the esophagus. The test is also used to display the direction and velocity of blood flow. The purpose of the test is to confirm, or rule out heart abnormalities.
Visual Evoked Potentials
Visual Evoked Potentials (VEP) is a test done on patients suspected of having Multiple Sclerosis or Optic Neuritis to determine the health of the optic nerve. Electrodes are placed on the scalp similar to an EEG. Electrical activity is recorded from the visual cortex while the patient watches a checker board pattern on a monitor. The test takes approximately 15 minutes.